NGO is the group, organisation and institution of people who are dedicated to social development service work with volunteering spirit and without gaining any profit or without any commercial objective. NGO are private and completely independent from the Government but work as the Governments work for welfare of society and the different relevant sectors on humanitarian cooperative base. So NGO is known as Non Government Organisation. NGO is universally known as charitable association that mobilize private and Government added funds for development. So NGO is also known as NPO means Non Profit Organisation. The community organisation, association and citizen group that are associated and want to work for development, to raise awareness and influence social welfare policy so they require to register as NGO. So the NGO Registration is necessary. And a registered NGO is recognised as managed organisation to work in different social work in any sector.
NGO Registration Process
To work as status of organisation in social sector and society the group of the social workers and social activists have to form and register Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) or Non Profit Organisation (NPO) or Voluntary Organisation (VO) or Social Organisation. Registration is required for the social groups of social activists and volunteers to work as NGO/NPO and to get funding, to be able to get funding and make expenditure of grants for their programmes, projects and activities in all over the world and in India where they want to work.
Different countries including India have different rules and laws to form and register NGO or NPO in various sectors and jurisdictions. NGO registration is basic and initial requirement to form and run the social organisation as NGO, NPO or VO. If anybody want to register NGO in India there are different rules, regulations, parameters and laws applicable according to the different applicable jurisdiction, states and sectors where the volunteers and social activists want to form the NGO.
NGO Formation Process
The NGO can be registered as a form of social establishment for social entrepreneurship, social work, charitable work and charity tasks in different laws and forms as mentioned below:
- Trust Registration
- Society Registration
- Non Profit Company Registration
NGOs can be in various different formation and types as Societies, Trusts and Non Profit Companies, depending upon the registration processes and types, but all kind of NGOs are in similar status to work as a social and Voluntary Non Profit Organisation (NGO/NPO). All kind of NGOs that are Societies or trusts or Companies have similar status to get financial grants, funds and gain other support from all kind of resources including Government Ministries and other private Funding agencies.
After Registration to form the social establishment or social organisation as NGO, there are also few more different requirements of Registration and Authorisation from various Government Ministries, Government Departments and Other Authorities. The registrations and authorisations are necessary under Income Tax Act for the Tax or the Tax Exemption on income that NGO is getting by funding, donation and expenditure on programmes. To get grants from abroad as foreign funding in India registration of NGO under Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) is also required. And as a operation and management of establishment NGOs have to register them into various other laws and rules as per the requirement of the standards and needs.
NGO Registration required under differnet sectors
- Income Tax Registration for NGO
- Registration of NGO Under 80 G of Income Tax Act of India.
- Registration of NGO Under 12 A of Income Tax Act of India.
- Registration of NGO Under 35 AC, 35 AC 1,2 and other sections of Income Tax Act of India.
- FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act) Registration of NGO.
- Permanent Registration under FCRA to get Donation and Funding from foreign sources.
- Registration for temporary prior permission under Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA).
- Registration of NGO in various required Department and Ministries of Government of India.
NGO registration laws, processes and rules are different in different states and sectors so if anybody wants to run, operate and manage NGO then it must be registered and after registration there are many other requirements to maintain and update the various kinds of registration. So register and maintain the registration the groups and members of the NGO have to take suitable knowledge and advisory or consulting service so they can better run and manage to achieve the target and fulfill the mission.